- These are medical centers that organize the collection, processing and cryopreservation of umbilical cord blood components.
- The first cord blood bank was started in 1992 in New York
- Today, at least 400 such banks operate in the world.
- More than 40 thousand cord blood stem cell transplants were performed worldwide
Types of cord blood banks
- Funded by the state (USA, Canada, France, UK, Italy, Spain, Japan, China).
- Based on voluntary donations of cord blood by women in labor
- Parents keep the stem cells of newborns as a biological insurance not only for the child, but also for the whole family.
- Carry out the state order for the storage of cord blood
- Provide family cryobanking services
Cord blood banks cryopreserve and store:
- Cord blood. Contains hematopoietic stem cells, which are the best analogue of the bone marrow
- Placenta, umbilical cord. These perinatal tissues are rich in mesenchymal stem cells, which give rise to connective tissue (endothelium, cartilage, bones, teeth) and smooth muscle.
Cord blood cryobanking is now a separate area of health care that is regulated by national and international regulatory documents, and cord blood banks are required to be licensed and accredited.Banking and clinical use of cord blood is regulated by international supervisory agencies and accreditation committees of FACT / NETCORD, JACIE, FDA, AABB, ISO, OCTGT.
The Cryobank of the Institute of Cell Therapy is in 30% of the world’s leading cryobanks, which comply with ISO quality standards and have received prestigious international accreditation ISO 2009: 2015.