From the first weeks of pregnancy, a unique endocrine organ, the placenta, is formed in the body of the expectant mother. Courtesy of placenta and the umbilical cord, the interconnection of the mother’s and the fetus’ organisms is ensured. The placenta supports the functioning and nutrition of the developing organism. After the baby is born, the placenta is rejected by the body of the woman as unnecessary, “born” about 10-30 minutes after the baby is born. Previously, the placenta, which fulfilled its important role, was usually disposed of. However, today the desire of a woman in labor to preserve placental cells and extract is quite frequent.
The placenta during pregnancy: it is impossible to overestimate its value
The placenta is a unique temporary organ that is formed in the body of a woman after conception. The placenta literally grows with the child. Speaking about the importance of the placenta, the head of the obstetric department of the Khmelnitsky city perinatal center Dr. Larisa Mokritskaya says: “First of all, the placenta is necessary for transporting oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus. It also performs immune and protective functions, protecting the baby from toxins, harmful microorganisms and pathogens infections. All pregnant women and the women, who already gave birth know that obstetricians pay special attention to the condition of the placenta. Doctors regularly monitor the degree of its maturity to exclude the possible risks to the unborn child.
The placenta during labor
The delivery process can conditionally be divided into three stages. The first is the opening of the cervix, the second is the birth of the baby, the third is the rejection of the placenta. If the placenta for some reason does not tear itself away, doctors help it “to be born”. After extraction, the placenta is carefully inspected, checking the integrity of its tissues. Larisa Mokritskaya explains that the smallest pieces of placental tissue left in the uterus can lead to unforeseen complications, bleeding and infectious diseases. Therefore, doctors need to make sure that the placenta is intact, and its surface is free from defects and damage.
Most often, after delivery, the placenta is disposed of as unnecessary, but increasingly often, upon the request of the woman in labor, it is placed in a sterile container for storage. For example, in the Khmelnitsky perinatal center alone, every year about 20-30 women decide to keep the placenta, such data are cited by the head of the obstetric department of the center Larisa Mokritskaya.
Postpartum placenta: value and application
During pregnancy, many useful substances, e.g. vitamins, minerals, proteins, amino acids, glycosaminoglycans pass through the placental tissues. Modern technologies allow you to extract valuable substances and store them in the form of a concentrated extract for many years. In addition, placental tissue contains mesenchymal stem cells, which can also be isolated and stored in the Cryobank for future use.
In order to preserve the extract and placenta cells after childbirth, it is necessary to conclude an agreement on the collection and storage of perinatal tissues with Cryobank in the third trimester of pregnancy. The contract may include both the collection and storage of all biological materials that were previously disposed of after childbirth (cord blood, placenta and umbilical cord), and only cord blood. In addition, it is possible to stipulate in the contract exactly which preparations will be made from the placenta – only an extract or also a preparation of mesenchymal stem cells.
How the cells and placenta extract are stored
After delivery, the collected placenta is delivered to Cryobank for further processing and storage. Preparations made from the placenta (stem cells or placenta extract) are successfully used for:
- treatment of a number of serious diseases (read more here )
- recovery of the body after injuries, operations, diseases
- in anti-age therapy – to rejuvenate the skin and the body as a whole
In particular, placental stem cells help in the treatment of complications of diabetes mellitus, viral hepatitis B and C, joint diseases, infertility. The placenta extract has a wide range of application. It is used in cosmetology, regenerative medicine, traumatology. Many women want to preserve the placenta extract, knowing precisely about its ability to prolong youth and beauty of the skin.
The ability to store the placenta happens only once – immediately after the birth of the baby. The decision to collect and store this unique stem cell source and healing extract must be made in advance so as not to worry at the most crucial moment that valuable biological material will be lost. If you conclude an agreement with Cryobank, you can focus on the birth of the baby and worries about a new person. Cryobank will take care of the storage of biological materials.